Emission and transmission of pollutants in an urban area
Institute of Physics
Ministry of Science and Environmental Protection
National Research Project
The negative effects of small particles PM10 (less than 10 micrometers in diameter (WHO, 1999)) on human health have been confirmed in numerous long-term studies on air quality in urban areas. According to the Directive of the European Commission (1999/30/EC), the UE countries are instructed to monitor PM particles and to reduce their emission in urban areas. The research activities on concentration, transport and interaction of suspended particles PM10 and PM2.5, heavy metals, natural and man made radionuclides and ozone in various medias (air, total atmospheric deposition, plant material-leaves, moss and soil) are performed at representative sampling points. Active biomonitoring method with moss bags will be used to estimate the deposition of heavy metals and radionuclides in the urban air. The air-back trajectories model will be applied for determination of main sources of pollution in the Belgrade area. Reliable database will be formed and will present the input parameters for further atmospheric processes research.